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Application security and Types

February 13, 2024
Written by
Anushika Babu

A Glossary of terms

Welcome to the world of application security and types! In this ever-evolving field, it's essential to familiarize yourself with the various terms that define the landscape. Here's a glossary of 50 popular application security terms, each playing a crucial role in understanding application security and types.

1. **Application Security**: The process of making apps more secure by identifying, fixing, and preventing security vulnerabilities.

2. **Authentication**: Verifying the identity of a user or entity in a computer system.

3. **Authorization**: Granting or denying rights to access resources after authentication.

4. **Encryption**: The process of encoding data to prevent unauthorized access.

5. **Decryption**: Converting encrypted data back into its original form.

6. **Security Testing**: The process of identifying vulnerabilities in an application.

7. **Penetration Testing (Pen Testing)**: A simulated cyber attack against your system to check for exploitable vulnerabilities.

8. **Vulnerability**: A weakness in an application that can be exploited by threats.

9. **Exploit**: A method or technique used to take advantage of a vulnerability.

10. **Zero-Day Attack**: An attack that exploits a previously unknown vulnerability.

11. **Firewall**: A network security device that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic.

12. **Intrusion Detection System (IDS)**: A device or software application that monitors network or system activities for malicious activities.

13. **Intrusion Prevention System (IPS)**: An extension of IDS which not only detects but also prevents identified threats.

14. **Static Application Security Testing (SAST)**: A testing methodology that examines the source code of applications.

15. **Dynamic Application Security Testing (DAST)**: A testing process that examines an application during runtime.

16. **Interactive Application Security Testing (IAST)**: Combines elements of both SAST and DAST to analyze applications from within.

17. **Runtime Application Self-Protection (RASP)**: A security technology that detects and blocks attacks in real-time.

18. **Software Composition Analysis (SCA)**: The process of identifying and managing the risks associated with using open source components.

19. **Fuzzing**: A software testing technique that inputs invalid, unexpected, or random data into a computer program.

20. **Threat Modeling**: The process of identifying and addressing potential threats and vulnerabilities.

21. **API Security**: The protection of application interfaces against malicious attacks.

22. **Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)**: A web security vulnerability that allows attackers to inject malicious scripts.

23. **SQL Injection**: A code injection technique used to attack data-driven applications.

24. **Session Hijacking**: The exploitation of a valid computer session to gain unauthorized access to information or services.

25. **Buffer Overflow**: An anomaly where a program overruns the buffer's boundary and overwrites adjacent memory.

26. **Denial of Service (DoS)**: An attack that makes a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users.

27. **Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)**: A subtype of DoS where multiple compromised systems are used to target a single system.

28. **Web Application Firewall (WAF)**: A firewall for HTTP applications that applies a set of rules to an HTTP conversation.

29. **Cloud Security**: The set of policies and technologies designed to protect data and infrastructure in cloud computing.

30. **Mobile Application Security**: Security measures specifically for applications on mobile devices.

31. **DevSecOps**: The philosophy of integrating security practices within the DevOps process.

32. **Container Security**: The process of implementing tools and policies to ensure security in containerized applications.

33. **Microservices Security**: Security concerns and solutions specific to microservices architectural style.

34. **Security Orchestration, Automation, and Response (SOAR)**: Technologies that enable organizations to efficiently respond to security incidents.

35. **Incident Response**: The process of handling a data breach or cyber attack.

36. **Data Loss Prevention (DLP)**: Strategies for preventing the loss or unauthorized access of sensitive data.

37. **Multi-factor Authentication (MFA)**: A security system that requires more than one method of authentication.

38. **Risk Assessment**: The process of identifying and analyzing potential issues that could negatively impact key business initiatives.

39. **Cybersecurity Framework**: A set of policies and procedures for managing an organization's overall cybersecurity posture.

40. **Compliance**: Adhering to laws, regulations, guidelines, and specifications relevant to an organization's business processes.

41. **Patch Management**: The process of managing patches or upgrades for software applications and technologies.

42. **Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)/Transport Layer Security (TLS)**: Protocols for establishing authenticated and encrypted links between networked computers.

43. **Phishing**: A type of social engineering attack often used to steal user data.

44. **Spear Phishing**: A more targeted version of phishing where the attacker knows some information about their victim.

45. **Rootkit**: A collection of malicious software tools that enable unauthorized access to a computer.

46. **Botnet**: A number of Internet-connected devices, each of which is running one or more bots.

47. **Cryptography**: The practice and study of techniques for secure communication.

48. **Data Breach**: The intentional or unintentional release of secure information to an untrusted environment.

49. **Identity and Access Management (IAM)**: The framework for business processes that facilitates the management of electronic identities.

50. **Secure Coding**: The practice of writing software in a way that guards against the accidental introduction of security vulnerabilities.

Embarking on a journey into the intricate world of application security and types can be daunting. Our comprehensive glossary serves as a beacon, guiding you through the labyrinth of terms that define this critical field.

Here’s what you need to get started on your training:

To further enhance your understanding and skills in Application Security and Secure Coding Practices, AppSecEngineer.com offers a suite of specialized courses designed to transform beginners into seasoned professionals.

1. **Course on Authentication and Authorization**: Dive deep into the mechanisms of authentication and authorization. Understand the nuances that differentiate these critical security steps and learn how to implement them effectively in various applications.

2. **Encryption Techniques and Best Practices**: Encryption is the cornerstone of data security. This course demystifies the process of encoding and decoding data, offering practical insights into implementing robust encryption strategies.

3. **Advanced Penetration Testing**: For those intrigued by the art of ethical hacking, this course covers sophisticated penetration testing techniques. Learn how to simulate cyber attacks safely and identify vulnerabilities before they are exploited.

4. **Secure Coding Practices**: This foundational course is essential for developers. It emphasizes writing code that's not just functional but secure, reducing the likelihood of introducing vulnerabilities.

5. **Dynamic and Static Application Security Testing (DAST & SAST)**: Gain hands-on experience in both DAST and SAST methodologies. Learn how to integrate these tests into your development cycle to identify and address security issues promptly.

6. **Container and Microservices Security**: With the rise of containerization and microservices, this course offers specialized knowledge in securing these modern architectural patterns.

7. **Incident Response and Risk Assessment**: Prepare for the unexpected with a course that teaches you how to respond to security incidents and conduct thorough risk assessments.

8. **DevSecOps Integration**: This course is tailored for teams adopting the DevSecOps culture, focusing on integrating security practices within the DevOps process seamlessly.

9. **Web Application Firewall (WAF) Management**: Learn to configure and manage WAFs to protect your web applications from various threats.

10. **Mobile Application Security**: Specifically designed for the mobile realm, this course covers strategies to secure applications on mobile platforms against unique threats.

Each course in the AppSecEngineer.com library is designed to provide practical, real-world skills, ensuring that participants are well-equipped to tackle the challenges of today’s application security landscape. Whether you're a beginner looking to grasp the basics of application security and types or a seasoned professional aiming to enhance your skill set, AppSecEngineer.com has a course tailored to your needs. Start your journey into mastering application security today and become a vital defender in the digital world.

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Anushika Babu

Anushika Babu

Marketer, Designer and Mom. Her coffee is never hot enough.

Anushika Babu


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