One of the major challenges faced by healthcare institutions and hospitals in information security training is the constantly evolving nature of cybersecurity threats. The attackers are constantly changing their tactics, and healthcare institutions must ensure that their employees are up-to-date with the latest techniques to detect and prevent such attacks.
Healthcare institutions and hospitals often have limited resources to allocate towards information security training. This can make it difficult to provide comprehensive training programs to all employees, including developers, who play a crucial role in ensuring the security of healthcare systems.
Another challenge is the lack of cybersecurity awareness among healthcare employees. Many healthcare professionals are not trained in cybersecurity and may not be aware of the risks posed by cyber attacks.
Healthcare institutions often experience high staff turnover rates, which can make it difficult to maintain a consistent level of information security training across all employees. This can be especially challenging for developers, who require specialized training in software security.
Healthcare institutions must comply with a wide range of regulatory requirements, including HIPAA and HITECH. Compliance requirements can make it challenging to implement effective information security training programs, as there may be competing priorities that require attention.
With the increase in remote work, many healthcare institutions have geographically dispersed teams, making it challenging to provide traditional in-person training programs.
HIPAA is a federal law in the United States that requires healthcare institutions to protect the privacy and security of patients' health information. HIPAA compliance requires healthcare institutions to implement administrative, physical, and technical safeguards, and to provide training to employees on information security policies and procedures.
The GDPR is a regulation in the European Union that governs the protection of personal data. Healthcare institutions that process the personal data of EU residents must comply with the GDPR, which requires the implementation of appropriate technical and organizational measures to ensure the security of personal data.
Healthcare institutions that accept credit card payments for services rendered must comply with the PCI DSS, a set of security standards designed to protect cardholder data. Compliance requires the implementation of technical and operational controls, including regular cybersecurity training for employees who handle payment card data.
FISMA is a federal law in the United States that requires federal agencies, including healthcare institutions that receive federal funding, to implement cybersecurity policies and procedures. Compliance requires the implementation of appropriate security controls and regular cybersecurity training for employees.
The NIST Cybersecurity Framework is a set of guidelines for improving cybersecurity risk management in critical infrastructure, including healthcare. Compliance requires healthcare institutions to assess and manage cybersecurity risks, implement appropriate security controls, and provide regular cybersecurity training for employees.
In India, the Clinical Establishments Act regulates the registration and maintenance of standards in clinical establishments. The Act mandates compliance with data privacy and confidentiality requirements, including appropriate technical and organizational measures to protect sensitive patient data.
Information security training can help financial institutions fulfill these compliance requirements by providing employees with the knowledge and real-world skills needed to protect sensitive information, identify security risks, respond to security incidents, and build secure by-default.